Useful idiot

 

By Zechariah Makuach Maror 

Secretary General of Gogrial State Intellectuals Organisation for Peace and Advocacy 

The controversial terminology Useful idiot is a negative political jargon which has a bad connotation that shouldn't fit to be used as a description of the quality of the head of state. And as such it's a pure insolent. Therefore, we urge government official Spokesperson to response to such behaviours but Gogrial state Intellectuals organisation want to clarify this ambiguous term then later, the organisation will give position letter about this insane statement. 

First of all, The political jargon called useful idiot is a derogatory term for a person perceived as propagandizing for a cause without fully comprehending the cause's goals, and who is cynically used by the cause's leaders. The term was originally used during the Cold War to describe non-communists regarded as susceptible to communist propaganda and manipulation . The term has often been attributed to Vladimir Lenin but this attribution is unsubstantiated. 

Origin

The phrase "useful idiot" has often been attributed to Vladimir Lenin, although he is not documented as having ever used the phrase. In a 1987 article for The New York Times , American journalist William Safire investigated the origin of the term, noting that a senior reference librarian at the Library of Congress had been unable to find the phrase in Lenin's works and concluding that in the absence of new evidence, the term could not be attributed to Lenin. Similarly, the Oxford English Dictionary in defining "useful idiot" says: "The phrase does not seem to reflect any expression used within the Soviet Union ". 

The term appeared in a June 1948 on New York Times article on contemporary Italian politics ("Communist shift is seen in Europe"), citing the centrist social democratic Italian paper L'Umanità . L'Umanità wrote that left-wing social democrats , who had entered into a popular front with the Italian Communist Party during the 1948 elections, would be given the option to either merge with the Communists or leave the alliance. The term was later used in a 1955 article in the American Federation of Labor News-Reporter to refer to Italians who supported Communist causes. Time first used the phrase in January 1958, writing that some Italian Christian Democrats considered social activist Danilo Dolci a "useful idiot" for Communist causes. It has since recurred in that periodical's articles. 

A similar term, "useful innocents", appears in Austrian-American economist Ludwig von Mises' 1947 book, Planned Chaos . 

Von Mises wrote that the term was used by Communists for liberals, whom von Mises describes as "confused and misguided sympathizers". The term "useful innocents" also appears in a 1946 Reader's Digest article titled "Yugoslavia's Tragic Lesson to the World", written by Bogdan Raditsa , who had served the Yugoslav government-in-exile during World War II, supported Josip Broz Tito's partisans (though not a Communist himself) and briefly served in Tito's new Yugoslav government before leaving for New York.  "In the Serbo-Croat language ", says Raditsa, "the communists have a phrase for true democrats who consent to collaborate with them for [the sake of] 'democracy'. It is Korisne Budale , or Useful Idiot.

Usage

In 1959, Congressman Ed Derwinski of Illinois entered an editorial by the Chicago Daily Calumet into the Congressional record, referring to Americans who traveled to the Soviet Union to promote peace as "what Lenin called useful idiots in the Communist game". 

In 1961, American journalist Frank Gibney wrote that Lenin had coined the phrase "useful idiot". Gibney wrote that the phrase was a good description of "Communist follower[s]" from Jean-Paul Sartre to left-wing socialists in Japan to members of the Chilean Popular Front. 

In a speech in 1965, Spruille Braden , an American diplomat who was stationed in a number of Latin American countries during the 1930s and 1940s and was later a lobbyist for the United Fruit Company , said the term was used by Joseph Stalin to refer to what Braden called "countless innocent although well-intentioned sentimentalists or idealists" who aided the Soviet agenda. 

Writing in The New York Times in 1987, William Safire discussed the increasing use of the term "useful idiot" against "anybody insufficiently anti-Communist in the view of the phrase's user", including Congressmen who supported the anti- Contras Sandinistas in Nicaragua and the Dutch socialists. After President Ronald Reagan concluded negotiations with Soviet leader

Mikhail Gorbachev over the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty, conservative political leader

Howard Phillips declared Reagan a "useful idiot for Soviet propaganda." 

 

References

  1. ^ a b c d "useful idiot". Oxford English Dictionary . Oxford University Press. 2017.
  2. ^ Holder, R. W. (2008), "useful fool", Oxford Dictionary of Euphemisms , Oxford University Press ,
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