In October of last year, US President Donald Trump signed an executive order lifting some trade and economic sanctions against Sudan. It followed a US Department of State report that said Khartoum had improved its fight against armed groups.
Regionally, it's mediating a peace deal between the warring parties in South Sudan, which gained independence in 2011. Sudan has also been playing a role in the Saudi-led coalition in the war in Yemen with troops on the ground and several fighter jets.
Sudan's Foreign Minister Al-Dirdiri Mohamed Ahmed talked to Al Jazeera about his country's human rights record, the lifting of US sanctions, the war in Yemen, and Sudan's role as peacemaker in South Sudan.
According to him, ending the conflict between warring parties in South Sudan is a matter of regional security and that recently improved relations between Sudan and Uganda are related to national and regional stability.
"Sudan is the most connected to South Sudan for so many obvious reasons ... Uganda is a neighbouring country that will benefit from peace and stability in South Sudan ... The new thing is that Sudan and Uganda started working together ... We found that if South Sudan is going to continue as is and the situation in South Sudan is going to deteriorate, we will be having a black hole in the region, another Somalia," he told Al Jazeera.
Sudan's position as a member of both the African Union and the Arab League makes it vulnerable to fraught relations between Egypt and Ethiopia over the Nile and potentially shifting political axes with Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Egypt on one side and Qatar and Turkey on the other.
"We are working with all the players in the region to ensure that the region is stable, Turkey included and Qatar included. And we hope, also, that this will not mean that Sudan is also taking sides in any dispute. We hope for the best for all of the region and we are doing our best to see that all the problems that are being faced by the states in the region will be resolved peacefully and amicably," he said.
Asked about rights groups, including Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International and their reports of ongoing human rights violations in Sudan, including the suppression of peaceful protests, attacks on the media, torture and ongoing violence, he said: "Democracy needs time to take root."
"We have started a process of democratisation in our country. We have right now a constitution that everybody respects and accepts, opposition parties included. Some of the people who are right now fighting with us are all of the time voicing concern about respect of the Constitution. This has not been the case a few years ago before that constitution was put in place. This is a huge step taken forward, and then democracy will gradually take root."
Source: Al Jazeera News
- ^ executive order (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ US Department of State report (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ state sponsor of terrorism (www.state.gov)
- ^ war in Yemen (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ Omar al-Bashir (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ human rights (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ South Sudan (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ Uganda (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ African Union (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ Egypt and Ethiopia over the Nile (www.aljazeera.com)
- ^ Human Rights Watch (www.hrw.org)
Newer news items:
- South Sudan Food Security Crisis - Awerial County - Food Security and Livelihoods, Lakes State, South Sudan, July 2018 - 15/10/2018
- The bishops of South Sudan in the largest refugee camp in the world - 15/10/2018
- South Sudan's runner dreams of putting his country on the map - 15/10/2018
- South Sudan politician Paul Malong denies he embezzled millions of dollars in war-torn country - 14/10/2018
- David Mabuza visits South Sudan for peace, stability talks - 14/10/2018
Older news items:
- WHO is using strategic approaches to provide lifesaving health and nutrition services in hard to reach areas of South Sudan - 14/10/2018
- Sudan, South Sudan joint security committee meets in Juba - 14/10/2018
- Expose rogue leaders for S. Sudan violence victims to get justice now - 13/10/2018
- South Sudan now under pressure to set up hybrid court - 13/10/2018
- Copernicus Sentinel-2B satellite South Sudan image - 12/10/2018
Popular news items:
- No oil in troubled waters - 25/03/2014 - Read 19368 times
- School exam results in South Sudan show decline - Bikya Masr - 01/04/2012 - Read 15704 times
- Former Lost Boy Gives Back to South Sudan - Care2.com (blog) - 31/05/2012 - Read 14730 times
- NDSU student from South Sudan receives scholarship - In-Forum - 29/09/2012 - Read 14277 times
- With prisons full, South Sudan to introduce mobile courts to clear backlog of ... - Washington Post - 11/10/2012 - Read 11821 times