- Written/Submitted by External Source
- Category: Latest (South) Sudan News From Various Sources
- Hits: 136
SudanÂ andÂ South SudanÂ today signed a partial peace deal that will ease tensions between the former civil war foes and, most significantly, restart oil exports whose suspension has crippled both countriesâ€™ economies.
"We are convinced that what has happened, which culminated in signing of the agreements, constitutes a giant step forward for both countries," he said during the signing at a five-star hotel inÂ Addis Ababa,Â Ethiopiaâ€™s capital.
But significant issues remain; not least of which is the status of disputed border areas between the two countries, prompting analysts to term the deal a â€śpartial peace.â€ť
Perhaps most importantly, Mr. Kiir agreed to restart oil supplies from oilfields in South Sudan, that Sudan then pumps through its territory to export terminals on theÂ Red Sea.
South Sudan shut off the taps in January, claiming that the fees that Mr. Bashirâ€™s government inKhartoumÂ was charging were too high.
Both countries rely heavily on crude export sales for their state budgets â€”Â in South Sudan, oil accounts for 98 percent of government revenues â€”Â and the shutdown caused huge economic difficulties for both nations.
The oil will start flowing again â€śby the end of the year, I believe,â€ť says Pagun Amum, chief negotiator for South Sudan.
Also agreed was the creation of a demilitarized buffer zone along the disputed border between South Sudan and Sudan, which foughtÂ Africaâ€™s longest civil war as a united nation.
More than 2 million people died in on-again off-again fighting that ran between 1955 and 2005 and ended with a peace agreement in 2005 that led to South Sudan seceding into a new independent nation in 2011.
Following today's agreement, troops from both armies would now pull back from positions along the border, where fighting in April raised fears that the two countries were heading back to all-out war.
Another contested issue that remains is the fact that there was no resolution on oil-rich disputed border areas claimed by both Sudan and South Sudan. This includes the region of Abyei, which has huge political significance for both presidents.
Parallel talks aimed at easing conflict between the Sudanese government and rebels inÂ Blue Nileand South Kordofan also failed to progress, according to Amanda Hsiao, South Sudan field researcher for the Enough Project, part of theÂ US-basedÂ Center for American Progress.
â€śI think thereâ€™s a bit of disappointment from South Sudan because they didnâ€™t achieve the comprehensive deal thatâ€™s been their aim throughout, what we have is a partial peace deal,â€ť says Ms. Hsiao.
â€śThe key element that is missing is any kind of resolution on Abyei. And while the deal represents a sense of stability between Juba and Khartoum, there cannot be true progress until the Blue Nile and South Kordofan conflicts are resolved and humanitarian access is allowed into both states,â€ť she adds.
Both Kiir and Bashir were under significant pressure from the African Union and theÂ United NationsÂ to conclude the negotiations today, before Sudan and South Sudan were discussed at theUN General AssemblyÂ in New York.Â
This agreement breaks ground in support of the international vision of two viable states at peace with each other,"Â President ObamaÂ said in a written statement, calling for continued dialogue and sustained implementation of the deals.
"The leaders of Sudan and South Sudan have chosen to take another important step on the path away from conflict toward a future in which their citizens can live in dignity, security, and prosperity.
Newer news items:
- Sudan, South Sudan agree on metering to avoid disputes - Chicago Tribune - 29/09/2012
- NDSU student from South Sudan receives scholarship - In-Forum - 29/09/2012
- Oil Company: S. Sudan to Pump as Soon as Possible - ABC News - 28/09/2012
- Sudan, S.Sudan peace deals include banking, monetary accord - Reuters - 28/09/2012
- Sudan, South Sudan agree on metering to avoid disputes - Reuters - 28/09/2012
Older news items:
- Lalley: Follow South Sudan journey - Sioux Falls Argus Leader - 28/09/2012
- South Sudan and Sudan agree on oil but not on border or contested area of Abyei - Washington Post - 27/09/2012
- Sudan, South Sudan Reach Agreements - Wall Street Journal - 27/09/2012
- Sudan and South Sudan Sign Accord, but Several Issues Are Unresolved - New York Times - 27/09/2012
- Sudan, South Sudan sign deals to restart oil, secure border - Reuters - 27/09/2012
Popular news items:
- South Sudan troupe sees new country's struggle in Shakespeare - Los Angeles Times - 17/05/2012 - Read 3592 times
- With prisons full, South Sudan to introduce mobile courts to clear backlog of ... - Washington Post - 11/10/2012 - Read 2402 times
- NDSU student from South Sudan receives scholarship - In-Forum - 29/09/2012 - Read 2218 times
- Tackling Blindness in South Sudan - Care2.com (blog) - 09/11/2012 - Read 2033 times
- Clinton urges Sudan, South Sudan reconciliation - USA TODAY - 03/08/2012 - Read 1989 times